— The island of Crete —

 

  Go down  for:

   1. Interesting places to Visit on Crete

   2. History of olive trees on Crete             

General for Crete

 

 

Crete is located about 100 kilometers south of the Greek mainland. It is the largest Greek island .Crete is very mountainous and is determined by a ranging from west to east mountain range. In Crete  is a  Mediterranean climate.
Crete, with its approximately 300 days of sunshine per year, together with Cyprus, the most sunny island in the Mediterranean

 

 

flaschen mite im fortezza

 

Summer is hot and dry, in particular  the south coast are very high temperatures.
Winter is rainy and mild, the high altitudes of the Mountain course are snowy. Crete is coined through several climate zones. These products range from dry-hot up to wet-alpine zones.

 

Winter mit Blumen auf Kreta

 

 

Especially in the spring comes  to the high number of different flowering plants. Typical for the island is the presence of numerous spice-Kraute

 

Crete was demonstrably  inhabited since  about 6000 v. Chr., However, the oldest traces of human inhabitants ranging least 130,000 years back, as archaeological finds at  south of the island .

 

 

The first civilization on highest European soil is located from the third millennium BC on the island with the Minoan culture

 

Knossos

 

In classical times Crete was at the edge of the Greek cultural area, it was regarded as "island of 100 poleis", so was fragmented into many small city-states
The 395-1204-preserving Byzantine era was interrupted 824-961 of the conquest of Crete by Muslims.

 

anna laura at karidi



The Treaty of London in 1913 Crete was finally part of the Greek State

 

 

 

 

Interesting places to Visit on Crete

 

The Samaria Gorge in the southwest of the Greek island of Crete is with 17 kilometers long one of the longest gorges in Europe.

 

freunde in sammaria

 

 

The Imbros Gorge is after the Samaria Gorge one of the most visited gorges of Crete

 

The Aradena Canyon is one of the most spectacular gorges of Sfakia in the southwest of the Greek island of Crete.

 

The Balos located on the west side of the now uninhabited peninsula Gramvousa

 

balos

 

Elafonisi is a small island at the southwestern tip of Crete.
In calm weather, without swell Elafonisi is connected to the main island of Crete by a strip of sand. The sandy beach is stained by tiny pink Muschelteilchen

 

Elafonisi

 

 


Frangokastello lies at a sparsely vegetated Sudrand level against the backdrop of Krioneritis Mountains

 

Fragokastelo

 

 

The palm beach of Preveli is a palm sandy beach on the southern coast of the Greek Mediterranean island of Crete.

 

Beach of Preveli
 

The Lake Kournas is the only natural Water, lake in Crete. It lies in the west of Crete, near the north coast close to Georgioupoli

 

Süßwasser See von Kournas

 

Aptera is an archaeological establishment in West Crete about the Souda Bay. It was one of the most important city-states of Crete.

 

 

The Arkadi Monastery is the most important national monument in Crete. According to tradition the monastery Arkadi was built by the Byzantine Emperor Arcadius in the 5th century.

 Arkadi Kloster

 

Knossos was an ancient city on Crete, about five kilometers south of Iraklio.
It is the largest Minoan palace in Crete, and has been recognized by Greece with the European Cultural Heritage Label. Knossos remained even after destruction of the palace inhabited until the Byzantine period.

 

Knossos

 

Anopolis forms with 99.632 km² the flachengroßte local community of Municipality Sfakia. It  orders to the north on the communities and Chania Apokoronas

 

Weit mountains with snow

 

 

Moni Preveli consists of two building complexes, of which only the "Rear Monastery", Piso Moni Preveli, is now lived. It stands in 170 meters height above sea level, above the coast of the Libyan Sea, the south coast of Crete

 

Altes Kloster

 

 


 

History of olive trees  on Crete

 

The first known to us today witnesses to the year 37,000 BC back.It involves fossilized leaves that have been found on the Greek volcanic island of Santorini
 

alteste olivenbaum

 

 

The cultivation of olive trees began already at 4500 years v. Chr. in Crete. In the palace around the ruins of Knossos and Phaistos are found oversized oil reservoir vessels in clay.
 

In western Crete around the villages Vouves, Astrikas and Deliana standing the oldest olive trees in Europe. Every individual trees is about 4,000 to 5,000 years.The trees are still green

 

wild olivenbaum color
 

Around 1850 v. Chr. begines the cultivation in the rest of Greece. With the new Greek colonies in Italy, the olives expanded gradually from east to west throughout . In the 16th century, the olive tree came aboard Spanish and Portuguese caravels across the Atlantic